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The birth of a new baby means great joy to the family and signifies the beginning of a new journey for all. Although your baby seems to do nothing other than eating, sleeping, crying and filling his diapers, he is actually adjusting and getting to know this new world. You are gradually bonding with your baby as you respond to and care for him.1

By the end of the first month, your baby will become more active, alert and responsive. He will start to move his limbs more smoothly. He will become more aware of the surroundings and responsive to your face and sound in the environment.1

Parents must hope that their baby can grow healthy and happily. It is important for the new born babies to prevent against various kinds of infectious diseases.  In highly endemic areas, hepatitis B is most commonly spread from mother to child at birth), or through exposure to infected blood or body fluid.  WHO recommends that all infants receive the hepatitis B vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. 2

On the other hand, all local newborns should be given BCG at birth. For children aged less than 15 years, residing in Hong Kong and not given BCG before, direct BCG vaccination is recommended. Although BCG does not offer 100% protection against TB, it helps to localize infection to the lungs and is effective in protecting against serious complications of the disease. In Hong Kong, BCG vaccine is included in the Hong Kong Childhood Immunisation Programme.3

With your consent, your baby will be given a dose of the hepatitis B vaccine and a dose of BCG vaccines usually within 24 hours after birth. These doses should be recorded by the birth hospital in your baby’s Personal Immunization Record.


  1. Department of Health. Family Health Service. Child Development 2 – Birth to First Month. [ONLINE] Accessed on 12 Apr 2021. 
  2. World Health Organization. Hepatitis B Fact Sheet. 27 July 2020. [ONLINE] Accessed on 12 Apr 2021. 
  3. Department of Health. Family Health Service. BCG Vaccine. [ONLINE] Accessed on 12 Apr 2021.